Aisin-Warner AX4/AX5

The Aisin-Warner AX5 Transmission was a standard shift 5 speed transmission used in Jeeps between 1984 and 2006. It is a light-duty transmission that was typically paired with the AMC 2.5L I4 and the GM 2.8L V6 engines. Being a light-duty transmission, it is not suitable for use behind higher-power engines, even the 4.0L.

The AX4 is an AX5 with one less gear, and can be found in the XJ and MJ vehicles, equipped with the AMC 2.5L I4, GM 2.8L V6, and the 2.8L Turbo Diesel.

If you ever find yourself doing an engine swap on a Jeep, you should ensure your standard transmission is not an AX5 and replace it with something that can handle more power, such as the AX15. The AX5 transmission is not worth repairing or working on, and for any hard use of your Jeep it is recommended that you just swap the AX15 in as it is nearly a direct replacement.

The AX4/AX5 transmission is sensitive to GL lube that contains sulfur. Sulfur reacts with the brass parts in the transmission leading to premature failure. Mopar recommends 75W-90 API Grade GL-3 gear lubricant. GL-3 lubricant is discontinued, and can very rarely be found for purchase. Fortunately, these transmissions have been approved to run on Synthetic 10W-30 Motor Oil. Others recommend Redline MT90 as another safe option.

The correct level can be set by simply filling to the bottom edge of the fill plug hole.

More information about the AX5 can be found here.

Gear Ratios

Reverse4.74
1st Gear3.92
2nd Gear2.33
3rd Gear1.44
4th Gear1.00
5th Gear0.85

Fluid Type and Capacity

Lubricant Type75W-90 GL3 or GL4
10W-30 Motor Oil
Capacity (2WD)3.70 qts
Capacity (4WD)3.49 qts
Avoid GL-5 lubricant, which can cause increased wear on the brass synchros found in this transmission

Transfer Case Compatibility

The AX4/AX5 was attached to the New Process Model 231 transfer case. Due to transmission weakness, adapter plates do not exist or are hard to find.

Bellhousing Compatibility

The AX4/AX5 was compatible with the AMC 2.5L I4 and GM 2.8L V6.

AX15 and Transfer Case Swap Information

Contrary to popular belief, the AX15 will not easily swap into a Jeep with the AX4/5 transmission. The bellhousing bolt pattern is different. If you are looking to swap an AX15 behind an engine that currently has the AX4/5 you will need to use this kit from advanced adapters, along with a 1994 and up AX15 with external slave cylinders. You will retain your AX4/5 bellhousing and shifter housing.

The NP231 transfer case that came behind the AX4/5 used a 21 spline input gear, while the transfer case married to the AX15 accepts a 23 spline input. You will need to change out the input gear in your NP231 transfer case. If your transfer case was built between 1988 and 1994, you will need this gear. If it was built in 1995 and up, you will need this gear (when using this gear with the AX15, the input gear must be shortened).

Write-ups and Tutorials

To Be Completed

Parts and Fluids

Engine Fluids

EngineFluid TypeCapacity
AMC 2.5L I4Above 0°F: 10W-30
Below 60°F: 5W-30
4.0 qts
AMC 4.0L I6Above 0°F: 10W-30
Below 32°F: 5W-30
6.0 qts
GM 2.5L I4Above 0°F: 10W-30
Below 0°F: 5W-30
3.0 qts
Renault 2.1Ltbdtbd
VM Motori 2.5Ltbdtbd

Transmission Fluids

TransmissionFluid TypeCapacity
Chrysler A904 3-Speed
Aisin-Warner AW-4 4-Speed
Chrysler 30RH 3-Speed
Borg-Warner T-4 4-Speed ATF Dexron II1.75qts
Aisin-Warner AX4 4-Speed75W-90 GL3 or GL4
10W-30 Motor Oil
2WD: 3.7qts
4WD: 3.5qts
Borg-Warner T-5 5-SpeedATF Dexron II1.75qts
Aisin-Warner AX5 5-Speed75W-90 GL3 or GL4
10W-30 Motor Oil
2WD: 3.7qts
4WD: 3.5qts
Peugeot BA-10/5 5-Speed
Aisin-Warner AX15 5-Speed75W-90 GL3 or GL4
10W-30 Motor Oil
2WD: 3.32qts
4WD: 3.27qts
New Venture Gear NV3550 5-SpeedMopar MT Fluid
SAE 30W Oil
3.3qts

Axle Fluids

AxleFluid TypeCapacity
Dana 3075W-90
75W-140 (towing)
1.26qts
Dana 3575W-90
75W-140 (towing)
1.75qts
Dana 4475W-90
75W-140 (towing)
2.00qts
Chrysler 8.2575W-90
75W-140 (towing)
2.11qts

Transfer Case Fluids

Transfer CaseFluid TypeCapacity
NP207
NP228/229
NP231
NP242

This will close in 0 seconds

4.0L

This will close in 0 seconds