Borg-Warner T98

The Borg-Warner T98 is a heavy-duty truck style four-speed transmission. It was introduced in 1948 and used until 1964. It began to be installed in Jeeps starting in 1955. It was a special order transmission for Jeeps through 1972, making it a somewhat rare transmission to find in Jeep CJs. It was more common in military versions of the CJ such as the M38A1. This transmission was standard in the M715 and M725 military trucks.

The T98 is synchronized in it’s second through fourth gears. All gears are helically cut except first and reverse, which are spur gears.

This transmission can be found behind Ford, Jeep and some International Harvester trucks.

Jeep – When found behind the Hurricane F-Head 134 I4 engine, the transmission has a 15/16″ x 10 spline input shaft and 1-3/8″ 6 spline output shaft.

When found behind the Super Hurricane L-Head 226 I6, the transmission has a 1-1/8″ x 10 spline input shaft and 1-3/8″ 6 spline output shaft. These were in the M715/M725 military trucks only.

Ford – When this transmission is found behind a Ford engine, it typically has a 1-1/8″ x 10 spline input shaft and a 1-3/8″ 6 spline output shaft.

The Jeep factory service manual recommends changing the T98’s transmission fluid every 10,000 miles. The factory oil calls for SAE 80W or SAE 90W but those are no longer available. Instead, use a conventional style SAE 75W-90 or SAE 80W-90 gear oil. Ensure the oil is safe for brass synchros.

Gear Ratios

Reverse7.82
1st Gear6.40
2nd Gear3.09
3rd Gear1.69
4th Gear1.00

Fluid Type and Capacity

LubricantSAE 80W GL4
SAE 90W GL4
Capacity1.75 qts (1.65L)
Fill to hole
Avoid GL-5 lubricant, which can cause increased wear on the brass synchros found in this transmission

Other Specifications

Weight145lbs
Length11.87″
Height17.5″
Input Splines10
Output Splines6
Pilot Tip Diameterunknown

Transfer Case Compatibility

The T98 was mounted with the Jeep Dana Spicer Model 18 transfer case, and only small input bore versions. All 4WD T98s used a rear cast iron adapter plate about 1″ thick.

The T98 was also available attached to the Dana 20 transfer case in 1962-1965 J Series trucks.

The 1967-1969 military M715 and M725 trucks only used the T98 as their transmission. This was a 2WD transmission style that was married to the New Process 200 transfer case via a jack shaft.

Engine/Bellhousing Compatibility

GM – The T98 found in the M715 and M725 trucks are ready for GM power through the use of Novak’s adapter assembly found here.

AMC – The T98 was never joined with an AMC engine.

Write-ups and Tutorials

To Be Completed

Parts and Fluids

Engine Fluids

EngineFluid TypeCapacity
AMC 2.5L I4Above 0°F: 10W-30
Below 60°F: 5W-30
4.0 qts
AMC 4.0L I6Above 0°F: 10W-30
Below 32°F: 5W-30
6.0 qts
GM 2.5L I4Above 0°F: 10W-30
Below 0°F: 5W-30
3.0 qts
Renault 2.1Ltbdtbd
VM Motori 2.5Ltbdtbd

Transmission Fluids

TransmissionFluid TypeCapacity
Chrysler A904 3-Speed
Aisin-Warner AW-4 4-Speed
Chrysler 30RH 3-Speed
Borg-Warner T-4 4-Speed ATF Dexron II1.75qts
Aisin-Warner AX4 4-Speed75W-90 GL3 or GL4
10W-30 Motor Oil
2WD: 3.7qts
4WD: 3.5qts
Borg-Warner T-5 5-SpeedATF Dexron II1.75qts
Aisin-Warner AX5 5-Speed75W-90 GL3 or GL4
10W-30 Motor Oil
2WD: 3.7qts
4WD: 3.5qts
Peugeot BA-10/5 5-Speed
Aisin-Warner AX15 5-Speed75W-90 GL3 or GL4
10W-30 Motor Oil
2WD: 3.32qts
4WD: 3.27qts
New Venture Gear NV3550 5-SpeedMopar MT Fluid
SAE 30W Oil
3.3qts

Axle Fluids

AxleFluid TypeCapacity
Dana 3075W-90
75W-140 (towing)
1.26qts
Dana 3575W-90
75W-140 (towing)
1.75qts
Dana 4475W-90
75W-140 (towing)
2.00qts
Chrysler 8.2575W-90
75W-140 (towing)
2.11qts

Transfer Case Fluids

Transfer CaseFluid TypeCapacity
NP207
NP228/229
NP231
NP242

This will close in 0 seconds

4.0L

This will close in 0 seconds